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Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Did you know that 70% of Canadians will develop gum disease during their lifetime? 

Most of us will eventually experience the redness, swelling, and pain that occur with gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis. It's important to be aware of preventative measures and to know when to make an appointment with your dental professional. 

Keep reading for everything you need to know about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of gum disease.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by poor dental hygiene habits. These include poor brushing habits and not flossing enough. When bacteria stays on and between the teeth, this leads to a buildup of plaque, eventually causing gum disease. 

Risk Factors

Other factors can increase the risk of gum disease. Among these are:

Gum Disease Symptoms

Healthy gums are firm and pink in colour, have smooth edges, and do not bleed easily. You may notice changes to your gums when gum disease sets in. Here are some of the signs that you may have gum disease:

  • Red and swollen gums

  • Painful and tender gums

  • Bleeding gums

  • Consistent bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth

  • Pain when chewing

  • Loose 

  • Sensitive teeth

  • Gums that have started pulling away from your teeth

  • Changes to your bite

Gum Disease Treatment

When it comes to treating gum disease, your dentist will first assess the severity of the condition. Treatments will differ if you have gingivitis—early-stage gum disease—or if you have periodontitis—a more advanced gum disease. 

Gingivitis symptoms are generally milder. If your gingivitis does cause an infection, your dentist will prescribe antibiotics and likely recommend warm salt water rinses.

Your dental professional will also do a good cleaning of your teeth and gums. This will decrease inflammation and improve your gum health. 

When it comes to periodontal disease, your dentist will do a special cleaning that is referred to as root planning and scaling. This removes the tartar and plaque buildup that occurs both above and below the gum line. 

If the periodontitis has become severe, you will likely be referred to a gum specialist called a periodontist where surgical treatments may be necessary. 

How to Prevent Gum Disease

Good oral health is an important part of our overall health! This is why we should do our best to focus on the regular preventative care of our teeth and gums.

Brush your teeth twice a day, not forgetting to brush near the gumline. Flossing is equally important and should be done each day. You could also incorporate the use of fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash. 

Make sure you get regular dental cleanings! Your dentist will be able to catch and treat any gum issues before they become more serious. 

Say Goodbye to Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Take simple measures in your daily dental hygiene to help you avoid the discomfort and complications that come with gingivitis and periodontitis. Be sure to prioritize your dental health with regular visits to your dentist. 

Do you have a concern about gum disease? Are you due for a dental cleaning and checkup in the London area?

Let's work together to take care of your teeth and gums! Contact Galleria Dental Care today to schedule an appointment for a checkup or cleaning. 


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